Definition & Characterize of Composite Beams and Columns
Composite steel-concrete construction is developed to connect the beam to the concrete slab mechanically, to make the best use of construction materials.
Besides, the reinforced concrete slab that performs as the horizontal loadbearing surface, here utilized like the compression component of the composite section. So, it enhances both the resistance and the stringency of the beam, which builds the tension element under bending.
Similarly, concrete and steel are integrated in composite columns of different sections.
For the multi-storied buildings, composite columns (sections enclosed with reinforced concrete) resist from fire as well as transmit the vertical loads. So, the constancy of the structure is ensured and it significantly minimizes the cross section and number of columns required.
The hollow shape of H-sections will be filled for being leveled with concrete amid the flanges prior to centralize of the parts. It will reduce the cost of work significantly. This process will make part of the metal surfaces noticeable for architectural purposes.
Composite structures facilitate distinguishable properties if they are opened to seismic loads.
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