# Determination of Specific Gravity of Cement and Its Importance

What number do you think about the specific gravity of cement? We trust practically we all would recollect the value as 3.15 (really 3.12-3.19). Be that as it may, the greater part of us don't have the foggiest idea why we are figuring this value?

In this post, we will clarify you about four things, which are:

1. What is Specific Gravity?
2. For what reason would we say we are computing this value for cement?
3. Noteworthiness of specific gravity of cement
4. Trial to decide this value

What is the Specific Gravity of Cement?

Specific Gravity is only an examination between the heaviness of a volume of a specific material to the heaviness of a similar volume of water at a predefined temperature.

Simply put, it is a value to compute whether the material can sink or buoy on water. Each material has some specific gravity.

The value is ordinarily in digits like 0.1 – 100. On the off chance that the value is under 1, at that point the material will skim on water. In the event that the value is more prominent than 1, at that point the material will sink.

3.15g/cc implies the cement is 3.15 occasions heavier than the water of a similar volume.

For what reason would we say we are computing this value for cement? Regularly totals are gotten from stores, which might be presented to different conditions.

On the off chance that the cement has presented to outrageous dampness content, at that point, the specific gravity of cement will contrast due to the dampness content present in the pores. Each material has strong particles and pores which may contain water in it.

Ordinarily our ostensible blend configuration depends on the value of specific gravity of cement as 3.15. The value will change after some time if the cement is presented to different climate conditions. So it is basic to decide the specific gravity of cement before utilizing it.

This is the reason we are demanded to maintain a strategic distance from old stock cement, which might be influenced by the outside dampness content.

The essentialness of specific gravity of cement

As of now stated, the cement may contain heaps of dampness content on the off chance that it is presented to different conditions and mugginess.

We as a whole realize that water cement proportion is a significant factor. It is straightforwardly relative to usefulness and the quality of a holding. In the event that the cement has effectively more dampness in it, at that point, the value of water-cement proportion will really influence the usefulness and quality instead of expanding it.

In the event that the specific gravity of cement is more prominent than 3.19, at that point, the cement is either not minced finely according to the business standard or it has more dampness content which will influence the blend and holding. This is the reason you discover heaps of pieces while blending old stock cement for concrete.

How to ascertain cement specific gravity?

Utilizing Le Chatelier Flask technique, we can decide this value. This is an analysis led at the site level.

Objective:

1. To discover specific gravity of cement value.
2. Required Materials and Apparatus:
3. Customary Portland Cement
4. Kerosene
5. Le-Chatelier Flask limit of 250 ml or Specific Gravity Bottle/Pycnometer (100 ml)
6. Gauging offset with 0.1 gm precise

For what reason would we say we are utilizing Kerosene rather than water?

To figure specific gravity for any material, we need to utilize water. Be that as it may, water responds with cement and structures calcium oxide. With the goal that we are utilizing Kerosene. It doesn't respond with cement. This is the reason we are utilizing 0.79 g/cc (specific gravity of kerosene) in our estimation (specific gravity of water – 1g/cc)

Test Procedure: The Flask ought to be liberated from the fluid that implies it ought to be completely dry. Gauge the void flask. Fill the cement on the container to half of the jar (about 50gm) and weigh with its plug.

Add Kerosene to the cement up to the highest point of the container. Blend well to evacuate the air rises in it. Gauge the carafe with cement and kerosene. Void the carafe. Top the container with kerosene off to the top and gauge the flagon.

Calculations:
Sg = (W2 - W1)/(W2-W1)-(W3-W4)*0.79
*Because the specific gravity of kerosene is 0.79 g/cc

(Note: The mistake value will be worthy ±0.01. The pragmatic will be done inside 30° C temperature.)

Ending: We trust that now you have a decent measure of information on the Specific gravity of cement and significance of this test. In the event that you discovered this article, accommodating help us by sharing. Till then, happy learning!